Generates a pseudo-random number.
|Random, OutputVar [, Min, Max]|
|OutputVar||The name of the variable in which to store the result. The format of stored floating point numbers is determined by SetFormat.|
|Min||The smallest number that can be generated, which can be negative, floating point, or an expression. If omitted, the smallest number will be 0. The lowest allowed value is -2147483648 for integers, but floating point numbers have no restrictions.|
|Max||The largest number that can be generated, which can be negative, floating point, or an expression. If omitted, the largest number will be 2147483647 (which is also the largest allowed integer value -- but floating point numbers have no restrictions).|
This command creates a pseudo-randomly generated number, which is a number that simulates a true random number but is really a number based on a complicated formula to make determination/guessing of the next number extremely difficult.
If either Min or Max contains a decimal point, the end result will be a floating point number in the format set by SetFormat. Otherwise, the result will be an integer.
Random, rand, 1, 10
Random, rand, 0.0, 1.0
Comments based on the original source
This function uses the Mersenne Twister random number generator, MT19937, written by Takuji Nishimura and Makoto Matsumoto, Shawn Cokus, Matthe Bellew and Isaku Wada.
The Mersenne Twister is an algorithm for generating random numbers. It was designed with consideration of the flaws in various other generators. The period, 219937-1, and the order of equidistribution, 623 dimensions, are far greater. The generator is also fast; it avoids multiplication and division, and it benefits from caches and pipelines. For more information see the inventors' web page at http://www.math.keio.ac.jp/~matumoto/emt.html
Copyright (C) 1997 - 2002, Makoto Matsumoto and Takuji Nishimura, All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
Do NOT use for CRYPTOGRAPHY without securely hashing several returned values together, otherwise the generator state can be learned after reading 624 consecutive values.
When you use this, send an email to: firstname.lastname@example.org with an appropriate reference to your work. It would be nice to CC: email@example.com and Cokus@math.washington.edu when you write.
This above has been already been done for AutoHotkey, but if you use the Random command in a publicly distributed application, consider sending an e-mail to the above people to thank them.